Judy Chicago is an American feminist Artist known for her large collaborative art installation pieces which examines the role of women in history and culture. She was born in Chicago,Illinois as Judith Cohen, but changed her name after her first husband and father died, choosing to disconnect from the idea of male dominated naming conventions.
By the 1970’s, Chicago coined the term “feminist art” and had found the first art program in the United States. Chicago’s work incorporates skills stereotypically placed upon women artistically, such as needle work, counteracted with stereotypical male skills such as welding and pyrotechnics. c
My final project will be in the form of a power point. The Topic is Patriarchy A disease in Society. My aim is to demonstrate the ills and impact of patriarchy on both females and male, as well as to show how society has embraced the idea of male domination.
I also feel that to every problem there has to be a solution and I have opted to also examine an alternative to Patriarchy, which is the Feminist Manhood which embrace the idea of men seeing women as their equal as well as being to show affection and embrace his emotions openly.
Hooks, Bell. The Will to Change,Understanding Patriarchy
Boston: South End Press 2004
The gaze is an engendered way of seeing. The gaze creates a sense of anxiety which comes with the idea that one can be viewed. this implies that the subject loses a degree of power upon realizing that he or she is a visible object.
The “male gaze” on the other hand, is the objectification of the female by the heterosexual male. This gaze is very often portrayed in Hollywood films and various forms of advertisement across media, where the heterosexual male has total control of the camera and the female is objectified. This gaze also occurs when the audience is able to view the male’s perspective from his camera placement on the female’s body, for example a shot showing her cleavage or other body parts that will show the woman as an object of desire or fantasy for both the characters in the film as well as the audience. Laura Mulvey in her article, states that the man emerges as the dominant power within the created film fantasy while the woman is passive to the active gaze from the man. Women constantly struggles with her role or function and has to adjust to the way she is viewed,since according to Laura Mulvey women look at themselves through the eyes of men.
According to Belhook, the oppositional gaze is the ability to manipulate one’s gaze in the face of structures of domination that would contain it and open up the possibility of agency. The gaze has been a site of resistance for colonized black people globally. The oppositional gaze developed out of the attempt to repress black people’s right to gaze. This repression created an overwhelming desire in blacks to look, and to be rebellious and defiant in their gaze. The gaze also developed in the black women were portrayed in films like Amos and Andy. She became the scapegoat in order to soften the image of the black man. She was seen in a negative light , which was funny to all expect women who could identify with that portrayal. The oppositional gaze developed so that women wouldn’t feel ashamed but could look and scrutinize whatever material boldly and critically without being fearful.
Media’s portrayal of women of color, still create the need for the oppositional gaze. One would think that over time society would have changed dramatically eliminating the stereotypes that shows black women as less that the even average white woman. The portrayal of women of color as video” vixens” and maids are very deliberate choices. This has heightened an awareness in me as a woman of color, and has caused me to realize that the oppositional still exist and will not go anywhere anytime soon.
I am ambitious, creative and smart. I am an aspiring Journalist, with the desire to broadcast stories from a real and honest place. I am interested in people and their stories, it is my desire to be an agent of change in Media. I am not interested in the mundane lives of celebrities but rather stories of courage, hope and faith. It is my desire to be the voice of those individuals who lack the freedoms we take for granted here in the United States.
I was born in Jamaica and taught high school for six years before to migrating the United States, This is where I realized my passion for media and the kind of impact I want to have on the society as a whole. It is my hope that through my work as a journalist that I can eliminate the stereotypes that are very often repeated, corroborated and broadcast across media. My desire is to break the spiral of silence . It is not my desire to constantly prove my worth but to eliminate the chains of meaning that come with me being a female and a woman of color.